Learn more about academic Sociomapping

Academic and research program for Sociomapping

QED GROUP a.s., the publisher of the Sociomapping method, puts a strong emphasis on research. The Sociomapping itself stems from several research programs in applied behavioral science, visualization of complex structures, cognitive science, psychology of groups, etc.

MARS 500

MARS 500 MARS 500

QED GROUP a.s. participates in a research study within the MARS 500 project, with the aim to explore the dynamics of relationships in a small social group, to analyze ongoing relationship situations within the crew and predict possible disruptions of their cohabitation.

MARS 500 is an international research project aimed at interplanetary space flights. The simulation environment of a spaceship flying to Mars will examine the impact of a long-term sojourn on the psyche and health of a small group of people, under extreme conditions. A group of 6 “astronauts” will spend in total 520 days in complete isolation in the Moscow premises of NEK as of 3rdJune, 2010.

Sociomapping in conferences

  • 47th International Applied Military Psychology Symposium 2011 (Vienna)
    • Bahbouh, R., Bernardová, K., Höschl, C., Koten, P., Opata, A., Rozehnalova, E. & Sýkora, J.: Analyzing mutual relationships in military units operating in foreign missions.
      Abstrakt: Last century was a period of wars with mass involvement of all types of armies on broad fronts. Current military-political situation requires an altered perspective on the way to lead war operations, as well as peacemaking and peacekeeping operations. The focus shifts to small and/or middle size units, as demonstrated by the experience from the Balkans (former Yugoslavia), Iraq and also Afghanistan. Indeed, this new situation requires new methods of supporting the commanding decisions on all levels of commanding.
      In the past several years, we have developed an effective method to analyze and transparently visualize mutual relationships, both inside the military units, as well as between the rank and the commanders. The method is named Sociomapping and it can be used for the monitoring of the relationship development as well as for the selection of personnel when creating units intended to operate in missions.
      With the use of a questionnaire based on mutual evaluations, the relationship context within and between analyzed groups – military units and their command – is monitored over the entire duration of the mission. In addition to the general standings (positions, roles) of individuals, the emphasis is on revealing the professional and personal relationships, mutual cooperation, perception of authority, provision of support in difficult situations, as well as other specific fields such as the reliance of a soldier upon his colleague in a combat situation or attitude towards army and country.
      The results of detailed analysis are used primarily for the development of military units in the operation locations and also for the improvement of estimation of the success rate in fulfilling the tasks assigned to the teams surveyed. The Sociomaps – being the visual outputs of Sociomapping – are used by the actual commanders in operation locations for the management of their service men, after being first presented to all members of surveyed group in a form of a workshop held by an experienced psychologist.
      In this paper, we will present the use of the Sociomapping on several real case studies from a longitudinal survey of psycho-social conditions within the Czech Army forces assigned to ISAF operations in the Logar Province in Afghanistan conducted by the Department of Expertise Services in the Field of Human Resources Headquarters of the Personnel Division of the Czech Ministry of Defence.
      The purpose of using the Sociomapping in this field is the evaluation of up-to-date information on the functioning of human resources under the specific conditions of a military mission abroad, followed by the presentation of this information to the top executives of the Czech Ministry of Defence, as well as to the Czech Army command. Formulation of consecutive recommendations – adopted to enhance the revealed positive factors or to eliminate possible “weak spots” in the human factor operations in the Czech Army units – forms an integral part of this survey, in order to safeguard the smooth course of the service at the operations locations of the Czech Army forces.
  • International Conference on Psychology 2011 (Athens)
    • Bahbouh, R., Höschl, C. & Rozehnalová, E.: Team Sociomapping – a Teamwork Visualization Tool.
      Abstrakt: Analysing communication in teams or groups, we are facing specific problem which results from the difficulty in understanding complex relations among members. Assuming asymmetrical relationships, for instance, there are ninety relations among 10 people. If there are 30 group members, the number of their relations is nearly one thousand. Unfortunately, most methods designed for communication diagnostics experience difficulties in the field of analysing or visualizing such an amount of relations (especially the asymmetrical ones).
      A Sociomapping tool enables to analyze and visualize different characteristics of a team work (communication, cooperation, decision making) in user-friendly manner. Therefore it can be used for discovering latent patterns inside teams and monitoring system dynamics and changes. The value and impact of Sociomapping has been demonstrated in the Czech Military and European Space Agency in the course of isolated group experiments. Paper will introduce basic principles of creating Sociomaps as well as several case studies from different areas of psychology. Furthermore, animation of team development dynamics will be presented. In order to introduce this teamwork visualization tool, several research projects focused on reliability and validity have been done. This paper will also briefly introduce some of them: remembering and perception of relational data and inter-rater reliability of Sociomap interpretation.
    • Bahbouh, R., Lačev, A. & Srb, T.: Using Sociomapping of crew communication and cooperation as a tool for team performance management in the ground-based experiment simulating manned flight to Mars.
      Abstrakt: Project MARS-500, hosted by the Institute of Bio-Medical Problems in Moscow in cooperation with the European Space Agency, is a multidisciplinary experiment simulating conditions during long lasting space flights. An international crew composed of 6 members has been placed in a ground based experimental replica of a spacecraft module. We employed a sociometric method termed Sociomapping in order to analyze crew communication and cooperation. The objective of our research was to verify usage of Sociomapping as a tool for monitoring of group dynamics and demonstrate whether or not it was possible to increase the crew safety during long lasting space flights by early diagnosis of possible communication failures between crew members. Findings from the pilot stage of this experiment (MARS-105) will be presented. The results show that the outputs from Sociomapping analyses (i.e., Sociomaps) can be used effectively for an early intervention in the crew as well as for the team development within the context of a long range space missions.
  • BPS Division of Occupational Psychology Conference 2010 (Brighton)
    • Willis, P., Srb, T., & Kurz, R.: Advanced analysis of team profiles using Team Profile Analyzer (TPA).
    • Srb, T.: Using Sociomapping of crew communication and cooperation as a tool for team performance management in the ground based experiment simulating manned flight to Mars.
  • 8th Flexible Query Answering Systems International Conference 2009 (Roskilde)
    • Jencek, P., Vojtas, P., Kopecky, M., & Hoschl, C. (2009, October). Sociomapping in Text Retireval Systems.
  • International Conference on Information Technology: New Generations 2009 (Las Vegas)
    • Caschera, M. C., Ferri, F., Grifoni, P., & Guzzo, T.: Multidimensional Visualization System for Travel Social Networks. Available at
      Abstract: In this paper we provide a multidimensional visualization system for travel social network. This system allows to analyze the structure and the social aggregation of travel networks providing different perspectives according to three dimensions: the space that defines locations connected to the members; the time that defines temporal evolution about tourist interests of the members; and coordinates involving classes of interests that define typologies of tourism chosen by members. Furthermore the system offers location-based tourist services providing a spatial visualization of the services connected to the specific place and sharing information about specific place. Finally in order to evaluate the proposed method, interviews to tourists and stakeholders were carried out after testing of the system.
  • The First International Society for the Social Sciences of Sport Conference 2009 (Warsaw)
    • Štefl, K.: Application of Sociomapping to Detect the Advancement of Group Cohesion in the Class of Intermediate School.
  • BPS Division of Occupational Psychology Conference 2009 (Brighton)
    • Srb, T.: Using Sociomapping of crew communication and cooperation as a tool for team performance management in the ground based experiment simulating manned flight to Mars.
  • 15th Annual European Mentoring and Coaching 2008 (Prague)
    • Srb, T., Rozehnalova, E.: Team Profile Analyzer – Advanced Analysis of Team Profiles
      Abstract: Imagine the most common team profile based on measuring personality, abilities or performance. Usually it is a graph with summary of individual profilesdifficult to understand, or an average profile that is in fact saying nothing about what the team is like, which characteristics are covered and which are missing. An analytical tool based on Sociomapping - Team Profile Analyzer (TPA) enables to visualize team profiles in a form of Sociomap, comprehensive visualization resembling a geographical map. Thus it is quite easy even for non-statisticians to identify significant subgroups within a team, to analyze and to compare them.
  • British Psychological Society Wessex Branch 2008 (Reading)
    • Srb, T., & Willis, P.: Establishing successful team coaching interventions in organizations using Sociomapping.
      Abstract: Psychologists implementing coaching as an organizational intervention are increasingly demanding evidence based approaches to coaching program design, delivery and evaluation. Evaluation of the impact of coaching has been challenging especially in team environments due to the complexity and difficulty of establishing linkages between the intervention used and perceived outcomes used as impact variables. This one day workshop will provide an overview of the main team coaching approaches being applied in organizations and illustrate how Sociomapping™ can be used to maximize team performance by providing coach, client and the team with a reliable toolkit for assessing and monitoring team dynamics before, during and after an organizational intervention such as coaching.
  • The 50th Annual IMTA Conference 2008 (Amsterdam)
    • Bahbouh, R., Höschl, C., Srb, T., & Sykora, J.: Using Visualisation of Group Structure and Dynamics in Team Development.
    • Bahbouh, R., Höschl, C., Srb, T., & Sykora, J.: Building Succesful Teams Based on Psychological Profiles Analysis.
  • XXIX International Congress of Psychology 2008 (Berlin)
    • Rozehnalova, E.: Research on Sociomapping as a teamwork diagnostic tool.
      Abstract: In order to introduce Sociomapping as teamwork diagnostic method, several research projects has been done. This paper will briefly introduce some of them. Also, it will focus on inter-rater reliability of interpretation of Sociomaps depicting teamwork. Volunteers were trained in working with Sociomaps and in their interpretation. Then they interpreted several sociomaps and those interpretations were compared. Cohen´s Kappa, Kendall´s W and Interclass Correlation Coefficient were used. Purpose of this study was to find if the interpretation of Sociomaps is independent of interpreting person.
    • Hoschl, C.: 3D visualization of team dynamics by animated Sociomaps.
      Abstract: "Sociomapping analysis is a new method of visualization relationships among team members in user-friendly manner. It helps to understand the team structure better and also it enables to display dynamics of team changes. Animation of dynamic Sociomaps shows differences between two teams as well as changes in team behavior. It helps to answer questions such as: What happens when someone leaves the team or someone new comes in? What is the future progress of team changes? Application of dynamic Sociomaps will be presented and also practical use of new software designed for team analysis will be demonstrated."
    • Bahbouh, R.: Introduction to Sociomapping.
    • Bahbouh, R.: New tool for analysis and visualization of teams and populations: Sociomapping.
    • Srb, T.: Sociomapping as a tool for team coaching.
  • Xth European Congress of Psychology 2007 (Prague)
    • Bahbouh, R., Osuský, M., Srb, T.: Analysis of the team with Sociomapping
    • Bahbouh, R., Höschl, C., Osuský, M., Srb, T.: Sociomapping: A new tool for easier data expolaration
  • 4th EUSOC seminar 2007 (Telč)
    • Osusky, M.: Evaluation of multilayer network data of teamwork using Sociomapping analysis.
      Abstract: Workgroups and teams face several typical problems, regarding their structure and cooperation, such as insufficient information transfer, or structural holes in the network hindering the dissemination of innovative ideas. Social Network Analysis (SNA) is commonly used methodology for analysis of team structure and relations/ties in the team. Extended application of SNA can also address exchange of information and work-related materials through the ties among members of the team. Aim of this methodological article is to addresses how these transactions can be mapped, and to address how SNA methodology can be used for recommendations aimed at teamwork improvements. The main contribution of our work is to show, how multilayer network data of the team can be combined with so called importance-performance analysis (IPA). IPA stems from concept of attitudes that are is proven to predict well future behavior from measured attitudes. Application of IPA to network data will enable us to discover those network ties, which deteriorates most the performance of the team. Consequently, this kind of results can be directly employed in creating set recommendations for team work improvements.
      To demonstrate the contribution of the proposed analysis, results of the case study will be presented. Outcomes of the analysis will be presented in a Sociomap - a visualization method for network data that enables faster and more intuitive understanding of the team structure and team dynamics, exploiting data-landscape metaphor.
  • 8th European Social Network Conference 2007 (Corfu)
    • Osusky, M.: Utilization of multilayer network data of team for Sociomapping analysis.
    • Höschl C.: Visualization of Team Dynamics with Sociomapping® Analysis.
  • International Military Testing Association Conference 2005 (Singapore)
    • Sykora, J., Bahbouh, R., Janosec, J., Dvorak, J., Sykora, K., & Hoschl, C.: Supporting Military Transformation with Sociomapping® Analysis.
  • 8th International Military Health Conference 2005 (Prague)
    • Sykora, J., Bahbouh, R., Bernard, K., & Hoschl, C.: The Use of Sociomapping® in the Area of Mental Health.

Sociomapping in academic publications

  • Grawemeyer, B., Johnson, G. (2011). Using and managing multiple passwords: A week to a view.
    • In Interacting with Computers, 23(2). Available at
      Abstract: Security policies are required that protect information from unauthorised access, and also respect challenges users face in creating, and particularly managing, increasing numbers of passwords. This paper investigates real password use in the context of daily life. It presents the results of an empirical study where participants completed a password diary over 7 days, followed by debrief interviews to gain further knowledge and understanding of user behaviour. The results reported relate to how many passwords are in use, the types of passwords participants created, the relationships between different passwords and to sensitive services, how participants retrieved their passwords and finally, the different strategies adopted by users in their management of passwords. The paper concludes by providing a high level set of password guidelines, along with suggestions for mechanisms to support creating, encoding, retrieving and executing multiple passwords.
  • Skyřík, P. (2010). Proposal of a model for effective management and development of virtual teams.
    • In Journal of Systems Integration, 1(4). Available at
      Abstract: The main aim of this paper is to present a pilot proposal of a model of “Virtual Development Management System” (ViDeMaS) which will facilitate more effective management and development of virtual teams. Management and development of virtual teams is not a simple concept. It comprises a body of knowledge from a number of fields and scientific disciplines. The complexity of the koncept may not be simplified as it is absolutely essential for full understanding of its nature. In order to gain better orientation in the concept, different perspectives will be used in the description of the model, which will enable us to achieve the goal of the work and to present the main results of the work (creation of a model for Virtual Development Management System). The present paper thus describes from different perspectives the proposal of a sufficiently detailed and complex model that may be utilized both on theoretical and application level.
  • D´Andrea, A., Ferri, F., & Grifoni, P. (2009). An Overview of Methods for Virtual Social Networks Analysis.
    • In Computational Social Network Analysis (pp. 3-25). London: Springer. Available at
      Abstract: The increasing achievement of the Web has led people to exploit collaborative technologies in order to encourage partnerships among different groups. The cooperation can be achieved by Virtual Social Networks that facilitate people’s social interaction and enable them to remain in touch with friends exploiting the pervasive nature of information devices and services. The interest in analyzing Virtual Social Networks has grown massively in recent years, and it involves researches from different fields. This led to the development of different methods to study relationships between people, groups, organizations- and other knowledge-processing entities on the Web. This chapter classifies these methods in two categories. The first category concerns methods used for the network data collection while the second category deals with methods used for the network data visualization. The chapter gives an example of application of these methods to analyze the Virtual Social Network LinkedIn.
  • Jencek, P., Vojtas, P., Kopecky, M., & Hoschl, C. (2009). Sociomapping in Text Retireval Systems.
    • In FQAS International Conference Proceedings. Flexible Query Answering Systems (pp.122-133). Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer. Available at
      Abstract: This contribution describes clustering of most informative keywords within full-text query results and its visualization in 2D or 3D space using so-called Sociomapping. The main goal of the clustering is to help user with orientation in the term space and with the reformulating – more detail specification – of ambiguous queries. Test data were obtained from web search engines like Yahoo!, Google etc. To be able to evaluate quality of the used clustering method we have used 2 metrics to compare it with manually classified collection (Reuters Corpus Volume 1), moreover, the quality of preserving mutual distances of clusters from original multi-dimensional space was measured by Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.
  • Krempová, R. (2009). Uplatnění psychologie v oblasti vzdělávání a rozvoje dospělých.
    • Bachelor´s Thesis, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Arts. Available at
      Abstract: The first part of the bachelor thesis is summarizing theoretical knowledge described in specialized publications of adult educational psychology, global psychology, developmental psychology, social psychology, andragogy, androdidactics etc. I also deal with adult learning specifics. The second part of my thesis describes the example of education and development system in the company. The purpose of my thesis was to handle the pieces of psychology knowledge in the adult education, and answer the questions: When is the psychology knowledge used? What is the role of the psychology in the adult education? Is the formal psychological education needed for professional approach in the field of adult education?
  • Caschera, M. C., Ferri, F., & Grifoni, P. (2008). SIM: A dynamic multidimensional visualization method for social networks.
    • PsychNology Journal, Vol. 6(3), p. 291-320. Available at
      Abstract: Visualization plays an important role in social networks analysis to explore and investigate individual and groups behaviors. Therefore, different approaches have been proposed for managing networks patterns and structures according to the visualization purposes. This paper presents a method of social networks visualization devoted not only to analyze individual and group social networking but also aimed to stimulate the second-one. This method provides (using a hybrid visualization approach) both an egocentric as well as a global point of view. Indeed, it is devoted to explore the social network structure, to analyze social aggregations and/or individuals and their evolution. Moreover, it considers and integrates features such as real-time social network elements locations in local areas. Multidimensionality consists of social phenomena, their evolution during the time, their individual characterization, the elements social position, and their spatial location. The proposed method was evaluated using the Social Interaction Map (SIM) software module in the scenario of planning and managing a scientific seminars cycle. This method enables the analysis of the topics evolution and the participants’ scientific interests changes using a temporal layers sequence for topics. This knowledge provides information for planning next conference and events, to extend and modify main topics and to analyze research interests trends.
  • Bahbouh, R. (2008) New tool for analysis and visualization of teams and populations: Sociomapping.
    • International Journal of Psychology, Abstracts of the XXIX International Congress of Psychology, Vol. 43(3-4), p. 43. ISSN 0020-7594.
  • Rozehnalova, E. (2008). Research on Sociomapping as a teamwork diagnostic tool.
    • International Journal of Psychology, Abstracts of the XXIX International Congress of Psychology, Vol. 43(3-4), p. 8. ISSN 0020-7594.
  • Hoschl, C. (2008). 3D visualization of team dynamics by animated Sociomaps.
    • International Journal of Psychology, Abstracts of the XXIX International Congress of Psychology, Vol. 43(3-4). ISSN 0020-7594.
  • Solcova, I. (2008). Poznatky o psychické odolnosti malých skupin izolovaných v náročných podmínkách.
    • Československá psychologie, Vol. 52(3), p. 253-264.
      Abstract: Resilience of small groups isolated in challenging conditions: Review of contemporary findings. In connection with the forthcoming simulations of the flight to Mars the problem of crew selections and preparation to work and stay in inhospitable conditions of long-lasting flights emerges again. The paper represents an attempt to summarize the most important available present knowledge gained from space flights and their simulations, and similar situations - polar expeditions and stays, etc. It deals with the composition of crews from the aspect of inter-cultural and gender differences and the differences related with different occupation. The author describes the group dynamics during the long-lasting isolation and the factors that can contribute to the reduction of potential conflicts.
  • Jarchovská, M. (2008). Komunikace v pracovní skupině a ukázka její analýzy pomocí metody sociomapování
    • Bachelor´s Thesis, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences. Available at
      Abstract: This thesis consists of two parts, theoretical and practical. The aim of the theoretical part is to describe the process of communication in a work group. Besides the specification of some general concepts there are described some theoretical approaches which can be used for studying communication in a group and also some potential failures in a process of this communication. Separate chapter describes the methods which can be used for analyzing people´s behavior in a group. One of these methods called Sociomapping is used (and also described more in detail) in the second part, the practical one. The aim of the practical part is to analyze communication in a particular work group. The author is interested in three different aspects of communication: frequency (work-related and also non-work-related), effectiveness of communication seen by members of this group and professionalism of members seen by others. The aim, besides finding some general characteristics about the communication in a group under examination, is to show how to use this special and not very well known method.
  • Wagnerová, I. (2007). Mobbing jako druh kontraproduktivního pracovního chování se zaměřením na prevenci prostřednictvím sociomapování a videotréninku intervencí.
    • Pražské sociálně vědní studie - Psychologická řada PSY-021. Available at
      Abstract: The survey of the concept of mobbing is presented from the view of its workplace incidence in Czech Republic. The attention is paid to the explanation of terms, description of mobbing behaviors, personality of mobbing person and of a victim. Mobbing is compared to a counterproductive work behavior, its concept and theoretical background. This concept had been earlier researched under terms like antisocial behavior at workplace, aggression, revenge, retaliation, deviance, partially also as workplace violence, mobbing, bullying, bossing, harassment or emotional abuse and so on. Finally we focus on prevention of mobbing in organizations. We think that Sociomapping and VTI may be used as useful tools for a diagnosis, prevention or treatment of mobbing behaviors. Video training of interactions (VTI) is useful for the development of social skills.
  • Králová, E. (2007). Metoda Sociomapování a príklad jejího využití pri analýze dat z velkých dotazníkových šetrení (Sociomapping method and it's use for large-scale questionnaire data-gathering)
    • Bachelor's thesis, Charles Univerzity Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences. Available at
      Abstract: Sociomapping and the example of its use in the analysis of data from representative surveys This thesis is dealing with new method called Sociomapping and possibilities of its use. It describes motives of creation of this new visualization technique of data elaboration and its main principles. One component of the theoretical part is also describes creating process of the main graphic output of this method called Sociomaps. They can be divided to several types that are specific by the way of creation and type of information they propose. Analytical part of this work is concerned with the illustration of using the Sociomapping in sociological research. Specifically, it is the visualization of data from large representative survey carried out on Czech population, which is focused on the relation of Czechs to other nationalities. The section of interpretation of data based on Sociomaps contains the main hypothesis and contexts, that are basically hidden in data but they are detected by visualization with Sociomapping. In this example, Sociomaps are shown as proper instrument in the first period of analysis, which helps to determine the problem and most important areas to focus on.
  • Marchionini, G., Solomon, P., Davis, C., & Russell, T. (2006). Information and library science MPACT: A preliminary analysis.
    • Library & Information Science Research, Vol. 28(4), pp. 480-500.
      Abstract: Dissertation advising is an important form of mentoring. To investigate the impact of dissertation advising over time, advisor and committee member names were collected for 2400 dissertations completed over a 40-year period (1964–2004) in 32 North American information and library science schools. Several mentoring impact metrics are reported for a subset of the data, including the number of dissertations advised, the number of dissertation committees served on, the ratio of advising to committee membership, and the fractional “impact” that weights advising and committee membership. The subset consists of data for six schools that produced at least three dozen dissertations and for which complete data is available. The data and resulting “impact” metrics offer new ways to assess faculty impact and to investigate the nature and growth of a field.
  • Michálek, P., Rymešová, P., Müllerová, L., Chamoutová, H., & Chamoutová, K. (2006).
    • The negotiation position amid member states of the EU. Agricultural Economics, Vol. 52(3), p. 133-137. Available at
      Abstract: The European integration process is very important and it has been paid attention to for the last 15 years. The abstract deals with the negotiation field and position in the structure of the current expanded EU. For better orientation in this equivocal situation, a modern cartography method of relationship in the arbitrary group called dynamic sociometry was used. The method is based on classical sociometry Morena and furthermore it uses the instrument of fuzzy set, typo¬logy and structural analysis. The output of this method is a sociomap. The map holds information on the relative closeness or the distance of individual elements, their configuration but also some quality information. The graphic chart is similar to a topographic map. In our case, the sociomap was created from the data of foreign business among the member coun¬tries. The following analysis of the sociomap we detected and described characteristic features of the analyzed group. It consists of formal and informal links in the group, the role and the position of each member within the group, the structure and relations in the group. In the concrete, we attained data to answer the questions about the present climate in interre¬lationships in the EU, which means the relationships among the members as the whole entities but also the relationships separately among members themselves. The position analysis of the Czech Republic in the system of the created sociomaps was considered as very important. According to the allocation of the Czech Republic in sociomaps, we easily defined the position of the state, the closest partners for negotiation, and also the possible problem relations which might complicate the negotiation in the EU. From the resultant sociomaps, we also tried to determine the sociometric star, i.e. the leader of the European Community. We anticipated that it would be rather an aggregation of several states than an individual state. The contribution focuses on the negotiation field and position in the structure of the current expanded EU. The sociomap created using foreign business data of member states gives the bases for answering questions about present climate in in¬terrelationships in the EU which means the relationships between the members as whole entities but also the relationships separately between the members themselves.
  • Frank, L. (2006). Analýza a predikce bezpečnostních hrozeb a rizik v České republice
    • Doctoral Disertation, Masarykova univerzita Brno. Available at
      Abstract: The Czech Republic is a country that currently enjoys a relatively high security standard. The situation is also due to long-term efforts in conceiving and executing appropriate security policy of the country. The Czech Republic was established in 1993 on the background of dramatic and fundamental transformation of the global security environment, its consequences along with the factors ensuing from further development also affecting the level of security of the modern Czech country and its citizens. The necessary precondition for successful and effective security policy of the country is the ability to quickly and accurately assess the actual or potential security threats and risks. The results of such analysis constitute key background for choosing the strategies of maintaining or increasing the security of the reference object and present basis for balanced decisions, conceptions and stating priorities on the field of security policy. The dynamic development of security environment has involved the need for reevaluating the traditional approach to security studies or studies and assessment of security threats and risks. In this respect, the COPRI (Copenhagen Peace Research Institute) approach that enlarges the subject of security studies and introduces new elements and procedures becomes more widespread in the course of the 90's and is now present also in the Czech professional environment. In the Czech academic environment, security studies (and analysis of security threats and risks as their part) are a new and dynamically developing socio-scientific discipline that has also faced a number of problems. Especially in the 90’s, there was a negative impact of absent or weak tradition of independent objective treatment of security in our country, lack of interest in its results on the part of the political decision making bodies, insufficient support of educational and research institutes, appearing generation gap within the small security community, preference of practice to academic research, etc. The field of socio-scientific interest also suffered from lacking or insufficient implementation of appropriate framework for research activities, competition and lack of coordination in the approach to studies of security, confusion in terminology, etc. 4 The presented work is a contribution to discussion and an attempt to outline some of the issues related to the process of analyzing and predicting security threats and risks in the Czech Republic. The author tried to apply selected elements of the so called conceptual apparatus of security analysis of the Copenhagen group to the actual Czech situation in the area of analysis and prediction of security threats and risks. Besides outlining the basic conceptual starting points, the author’s attention focuses on introducing the mechanisms and methods of evaluating threats and risks common in the Czech environment, their description and classification, ambiguous conception of the basic terminology, the position of analysis and prediction of security threats in the process of conceiving the security policy of the country and its reflection in the strategic documents of the Czech Republic, the problem of securitization and the securitization movement in the Czech society, description of selected actors involved in the process of securitization, the status of research in the area of security studies in the Czech Republic, etc.
  • Bahbouh, R. (2005). Sociomapping
    • (Doctoral Disertation, Charles University Prague)
  • Michálek, P., Chamoutová, K., Rymešová, P., & Chamoutová, H. (2004). Integration process of Czech Republic to European Union: Possibility of dynamic sociometry.
    • Paper at the conference. Available at
      Abstract: The paper deals with the application of a modern method describing relations among chosen elements called dynamic sociometrics based on fuzzy logic and graph theory. Our subject is „Integration process of Czech Republic to European Union. Possibility of dynamic sociometry.” We specialized in interrelationship among Europe Union and Czech Republic. The final outcome is a social status of Czech Republic in the EU. The underlying data was acquired from students of Czech University of Agriculture and University of Economics
  • Šlechta, P. (2000). Sociometrická diagnostika sociálních skupin.
    • Bulletin Psychologického ústavu AV ČR, Vol. 6(1), p. 73-87. Available at
      Abstract: The article presents a quasi-experimental research demonstrating usefulness of sociometric indexes for description of interpersonal atmosphere in work teams. Further, statistical methods for imaging the group structure are introduced together with examples of how interpretation of “social maps” can enhance understanding of the group functioning.
  • Šlechta, P. (2000). Využití sociometrického testu při hodnocení pracovních skupin.
    • Psychologie v ekonomické praxi, Vol. 37(1-2), p.87-90. Available at
      Abstract: The article briefly introduces sociometric test and possibilities of its application to assessing characteristics of work groups and reports of a construct validation of its basic indexes. 16 work groups took part in one 2 to 3 days’ outdoor teamwork training and each of them was administered sociometric test both at the beginning and at the end of the stay. The results demonstrate that the test registers expected change in group social atmosphere (increase in the average number of positive choices, p £ 0,0001, and decrease in the number of negative choices, p £ 0,001); the comparison with a sample of 9 groups participating in indoor lectures on communication and leadership further shows that the higher proportion of interactive programs and longer duration of the outdoor training leads to a more distinct shift of the observed indexes. The introduced method seems appropriate for monitoring of groups’ social climate with an application to effectiveness evaluation of HR developmental programs.
  • Šlechta, P. (1998). Kognitivní základy fuzzy logiky.
    • Bulletin Psychologického ústavu AV ČR, Vol. 4(1), p. 67-85. Available at
      Abstract: The article formulates a cognitive theoretical framework emphasizing an inherent vagueness of everyday human thinking. It elaborates a perspective on cognitive processes and identifies sources of uncertainty in processing information about the external world. After outlining historical developments, fuzzy logic is introduced as generalization of a classical logic accepting values of partial truth. Several examples help to demonstrate the concept of fuzzy sets and their relevance for describing content composition of concepts and the process of natural categorization is further verified with experimental data. Subsequent analysis of the state of experience of human newborn prior to the emergence of mental representation explicates the mechanisms of concept formation and introduces the construct of “felt meaning” coined by Gendlin, which has strong links to the fuzzy nature of natural concepts. The article closes by outlining a view of fuzzy logic calculus, which enables modeling of cognitive processes as transformations of input mental contents (represented by fuzzy sets) into output mental contents according to the transformation rules to be specified.
  • Šlechta, P. (1998). Kognitivní fuzzy systémy a jejich modelování
    • Master´s Thesis, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Arts. Available at
      Abstract: The article formulates a cognitive theoretical framework emphasizing an inherent vagueness of everyday human thinking. It elaborates a perspective on cognitive processes and identifies sources of uncertainty in processing information about the external world. After outlining historical developments, fuzzy logic is introduced as generalization of a classical logic accepting values of partial truth. Several examples help to demonstrate the concept of fuzzy sets and their relevance for describing content composition of concepts and the process of natural categorization is further verified with experimental data. Subsequent analysis of the state of experience of human newborn prior to the emergence of mental representation explicates the mechanisms of concept formation and introduces the construct of “felt meaning” coined by Gendlin, which has strong links to the fuzzy nature of natural concepts. The article closes by outlining a view of fuzzy logic calculus, which enables modeling of cognitive processes as transformations of input mental contents (represented by fuzzy sets) into output mental contents according to the transformation rules to be specified.
  • Sykora, J., Nechaev, A. P., Solcova, I., Bahbouh, R., Kozerenko, O. P., Konopasek, P., Kazda, L., Urban, A., Muller, L., Tomecek, A., & Batik, K. (1997). Evaluation of the Dynamics of In-Group Strain During Long Isolation.
    • Aviakosm Ekolog Med, Vol. 31(4), pp. 11-15.
      Abstract: Evaluation of the dynamics of in-group strain was conducted with conjunction with the 90-day modeling of space flight (ECOPSY-95). Baselines were the data of sociometric testing and analysis of video records of movements and behavior of the main and visiting crews (three members in each). Global assessment of the in-group strain was made on integration of experimental data using the Czech procedure of interdisciplinary approach to description of a social system, and the theory of fuzzy aggregate. The procedure allows to visualize interpersonal relations as social maps. Reaction to the psycho-emotional strain stemmed from long stay in isolation was manifested by gradual build-up of interpersonal strain, redistribution of the functional/role structure of the crew, destabilization of in-group interactions and its split.
  • Bahbouh, R. (1996). Dynamic Sociometry and Sociomapping: New Approach to Small group methodology and Social Systems Analysis.
    • In: Selection and training advances in aviation: papers presented at the Aerospace Medical Panel Symposium held in Prague, Czech Republic, in May 1996. Neuilly-sur-Seine: AGARD
  • Sykora, J., Solcova, I., Bahbouh, R., Nechaev, A. P., Drka, Z., Kazda, L., Dvorak, J., Kozerenko, O. P., Schevchenko, O. I., Polankova, M., Konopasek, P., Sirinek, J., & Muller, L. (1996). Group dynamics and Tension Analysis in Simulated Extended Spaceflight Settings.
    • In: Advances in Space Biology and Medicine: HUBES – 135 days of MIR simulation study. Paris: European Space Agency.